A bunion, a common foot deformity, is characterized by the gradual misalignment of the big toe joint, causing a bony protrusion on the side of the foot. This condition develops when the big toe consistently pushes against the next toe, gradually altering the joint's structure. Wearing ill-fitting footwear, particularly tight shoes or high heels, is a primary culprit, as they force the toes into unnatural positions. Genetic factors also play a role, with some individuals inheriting a predisposition to bunions. Foot mechanics, such as overpronation or flat feet, contribute to the misalignment, increasing the risk. Arthritis, particularly inflammatory types, may exacerbate bunion formation. Additionally, trauma or injury to the foot can accelerate the development of bunions. Recognizing the multifaceted causes of bunions is important for preventive measures. If you have developed a bunion, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist who can offer you effective relief techniques.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Oceanside, Franklin Square, and East Norwich, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.